from July 27 to August 12
Next to synchronized swimming, aquatic polo and ornamental jumps are the aquatic events of the Olympic Games. The sport began in the XIX century in the United Kingdom when the National Swimming Society was created as the first regulatory organism. Years later, it came to Europe, Australia, New Zealand and the United States when they began having competitions in 1870. It was one of the founding specialties in the Greece Olympic Games in 1896.
Olympic swimming is practiced in pools 50m wide and 2.35 meters deep with a limit of 8 centimeters between the exterior and the level of the pool. Also, there are eight lanes, with space for each of the competitors. London will hand out 34 gold medals in the four different specialties—backstroke, breaststroke, butterfly, and freestyle (the medley is a combination of all four), in distances varying from 50 m to 1,500 m.
They will be protagonists at the Olympic Games
Stars that made history in the Olympic Games
World champion in 50 m and 100 m, the world's fastest man in the two distances goes to London to maintain its hegemony in the waters.
In Beijing 2008 the athlete won all the matches he competed. He has warned that London will be his last Olympic presentation, and promised to close it the best way.
Owner of 11 medas - nine gold and one bronze - between 1986 and 1972, two of his records were broken by his compatriot Michael Phelps.
Despite her frustrations at never having won individual medals, she won eight medals in relays and became one of the top medalists in the Olympics.